What are the operational variables?

What are the operational variables?

Operational variables (or operationalizing definitions) refer to how you will define and measure a specific variable as it is used in your study. For example, if we are concerned with the effect of media violence on aggression, then we need to be very clear what we mean by the different terms.

What are the features of war?

War is an intense armed conflict between states, governments, societies, or paramilitary groups such as mercenaries, insurgents, and militias. It is generally characterized by extreme violence, aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces.

How does Clausewitz define a center of gravity?

A center of gravity can be defined as the source of power that provides moral or physical strength, freedom of action, and will to act. A COG is always linked to the objective (JP 2-01.3.

What are the major sources of war?

Eight Main Causes of War

  • Economic Gain.
  • Territorial Gain.
  • Religion.
  • Nationalism.
  • Revenge.
  • Civil War.
  • Revolutionary War.
  • Defensive War.

What is friction in strategy?

It is friction that accounts for the difference between how long things are expected to take “on paper” and the actual time that elapses due to unexpected distractions.As an example, one can plan for a group of people to walk in formation from point to point in an hour, but if sixty people each stop separately for a …

What does CoG stand for Military?

center of gravity

What is the relationship between centers of gravity and decisive points?

The decisive points are based on the centers of gravity and the analysis of the centers of gravity. In essence, they form the best path to attack and defeat the enemy. They take advantage of his weaknesses and vulnerabilities to get at his strength. Weakness and vulnerable are relative terms.

What are the four elements of decisive action?

And yet within the doctrinal hierarchy of the four elements of decisive action (offense, defense, stability, and defense support of civil authorities), the US Army prioritizes offensive operations.

How does Clausewitz define strategy?

Clausewitz gives us the answer. Strategy is the necessary response to the inescapable reality of limited resources. No entity, regardless of size, has unlimited resources. Strategy, therefore, is about making choices on how we will concentrate our limited resources to achieve competitive advantage.

What is the acronym used for operational variables?

Those operational variables, often framed with the acronym PMESII-PT, are― • Political. • Military.

What is friction war?

August 28, 2017. The great philosopher of war, Karl von Clausewitz, coined the term: “Friction,” he wrote, is “the concept that differentiates actual war from war on paper,” those surprising things that happen during wartime that make “even the simplest thing difficult.”

What are the seven joint functions?

In U.S. doctrine there are today seven joint functions: intelligence, movement and maneuver, fires, information, protec- tion, sustainment, and C2. For the rest of the NATO community, there are eight, since NATO doctrine also includes civil- military cooperation (CIMIC).

What is fog of war in chess?

In Fog of War chess players will not be notified when the king is in check, and so will not be forced to move out of check. This means that if your opponent does not realize they are in check and do not move out of check, you can capture their king and win the game!

Why should I read The Art of War?

Probably the most important point of “The Art of War” tries to make is that information does matter, and an educated guess is better than a gut decision. Sun Tzu thought that generals should be adept at the “military calculus” of taking into account anything and everything that could affect the outcome of a battle.