What religion was the Chesapeake colonies?
The founding of Maryland. Lord Baltimore planned for Maryland to serve as a haven for English Catholics who suffered political and religious discrimination in England, but few Catholics actually settled in the colony. Protestants were attracted by the inexpensive land that Baltimore offered to help him pay his debts.
What was the life expectancy for slaves?
As a result of this high infant and childhood death rate, the average life expectancy of a slave at birth was just 21 or 22 years, compared to 40 to 43 years for antebellum whites. Compared to whites, relatively few slaves lived into old age.
What is the Chesapeake Bay famous for?
The Chesapeake Bay is best known for its seafood production, especially blue crabs, clams, oysters and rockfish (a regional name for striped bass). The Bay is also home to more than 350 species of fish including the Atlantic menhaden and American eel.
What was life like in the Chesapeake colonies?
Economics in the colonies: Both the Chesapeake and Southern colonies had rich soil and temperate climates which made large-scale plantation farming possible. Both regions had an agriculture-based economy in which cash crops like tobacco, indigo, and cotton were cultivated for trade.
Why did the Chesapeake colonies grow slower than the colonies of New England?
Settlements of the Chesapeake region grew slowly due to diseases such as malaria. Most of these settlers were male immigrants from England who died soon after their arrival. Due to the majority of men, eligible women did not remain single for long.
Why did slavery develop in the United States?
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries people were kidnapped from the continent of Africa, forced into slavery in the American colonies and exploited to work as indentured servants and labor in the production of crops such as tobacco and cotton.
Why did black servitude develop in the Chesapeake Bay?
But by the 1660s, England’s economy had improved, and fewer Europeans were willing to sign contracts (indentures) to work in the colonies. In the Chesapeake, plantation owners began turning to race-based slavery for inexpensive labor and increased profits.