Which is a preferred treatment for neonatal jaundice?

Which is a preferred treatment for neonatal jaundice?

Phototherapy, intravenous immune globulin (IVIG), and exchange transfusion are the most widely used therapeutic modalities in infants with neonatal jaundice.

How does phenobarbital treat jaundice?

The major effect of phenobarbital is to increase hepatic glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) activity and the conjugation of bilirubin, apart from possibly enhancing hepatic uptake of bilirubin. Several studies have evaluated the effect of phenobarbital on nonpathologic, indirect hyperbilirubinemia.

How is kernicterus treated?

Treatment for kernicterus involves using an exchange transfusion as used in the treatment of newborn jaundice. If significant brain damage occurs before treatment, a child can develop serious and permanent problems, such as: cerebral palsy (a condition that affects movement and co-ordination)

How is pathologic jaundice treated?

If bilirubin levels necessitate it, treatment for jaundice involves phototherapy and/or exchange transfusion of donor blood. In cases of pathological jaundice the underlying cause must also be treated. Parental involvement is important to minimise the trauma of having a sick baby and its effect on bonding.

What are the indication of exchange transfusion?

Why the Procedure is Performed Dangerously high red blood cell count in a newborn (neonatal polycythemia) Rh-induced hemolytic disease of the newborn. Severe disturbances in body chemistry. Severe newborn jaundice that does not respond to phototherapy with bili lights.

How does phenobarbital treat neonatal jaundice?

Phenobarbitone, by inducing the activity of uridine-di-phosphate glucuronyl transferase enzyme, can blunt the bilirubin rise seen in neonatal period. By decreasing the peak serum bilirubin or duration of hyperbilirubinemia, phenobarbitone may decrease the need of exchange transfusion and duration of phototherapy.

Which antibiotics cause kernicterus?

One common antibiotic combines the sulfonamide sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim (SMX-TMP) to treat bacterial infections. Studies have raised concerns that sulfonamides might increase the risk for kernicterus. Unconjugated bilirubin normally travels through the bloodstream to the liver bound to the protein albumin.

Does physiologic jaundice require treatment?

Most jaundice is ‘physiological jaundice. Physiological jaundice will resolve by itself once the baby’s liver is functioning at full speed. In babies where jaundice levels are very high in the days after birth, treatment using blue lights (phototherapy) may be required.

Is neonatal jaundice pathological or physiological?

Physiological neonatal jaundice is a diagnosis of exclusion. Laboratory tests should first rule out all pathological causes of neonatal jaundice. Jaundice in a term newborn less than 24 hours old is always pathologic.

How do you write a neonatal jaundice nursing report?

•State causes of neonatal jaundice. •Discuss the pathophysiology of neonatal jaundice. •Describe the complications of neonatal jaundice. •List the three elements of therapeutic management. •Design a nursing care plan for the baby with neonatal jaundice. 2 3. Anatomy & Physiology 3 4.

What is the incidence of neonatal jaundice?

Incidence of neonatal jaundice Term : Occurs in 60% Preterm : 80% of preterm neonates Jaundice is the most common condition that requires medical attention in newborns. 5. Bilirubin Metabolism 6.

What is neneonatal hyperbilirubinemia?

Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia Definition : Jaundice is the yellow color of the skin and sclerae caused by deposits of bilirubin When is visible? Adult sclera > 2mg / dl Newborn skin > 5 mg / dl 4.

Is jaundice in G6PD Def infant due to severe hemolytic attack?

• It is uncommon to have jaundice in G6PD def infant due to severe hemolytic attack. • Those G6PD deficient neonates who develop higher maximal serum total bilirubin values had significantly lower serum conjugated bilirubin fractions. 24.