Who discovered tapeworms?
HISTORY OF DISCOVERY
|5000-1500 BC||Tapeworms were mentioned in Indian Ayurveda and described in ancient Egyptian papyri (Ebers Papyrus).|
|500-200 BC||Theophrastus coined the term taenia; Aristotle recognized swine cysticercosis.|
|AD 20-200||Roman physicians recognized tapeworms ( Lumbricus latus).|
Who discovered Diphyllobothrium Latum?
The fish was shown to contain the stage that transmits the parasite to humans by Braun (1883) who fed plerocercoids from fish to cats, dogs, and medical students. The role of the copepod as the first intermediate host was elucidated by Janicki (1917) and Rosen (1917).
Where is diphyllobothriasis found?
Diphyllobothrium infection generally occurs in the Northern Hemisphere (Europe, newly independent states of the Former Soviet Union, North America, Asia), but has been reported in Uganda and Chile. Fish infected with Diphyllobothrium larvae may be transported to and consumed in any area of the world.
Who discovered necator?
hookworms. N. americanus was discovered in North America in 1901–02 by Charles W. Stiles.
Who discovered parasites?
Malaria is caused by infection with protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium transmitted by female Anopheles species mosquitoes. Our understanding of the malaria parasites begins in 1880 with the discovery of the parasites in the blood of malaria patients by Alphonse Laveran.
Who discovered new hookworm?
Who discovered ancylostoma Duodenale?
duodenale was discovered in Europe and associated with the disease in the middle of the 18th century. N. americanus was discovered in North America in 1901–02 by Charles W. Stiles.
How is diphyllobothriasis presented?
Diphyllobothriasis is caused by ingestion of raw, undercooked, or unfrozen infected fish and subsequent intestinal infection. The main causative organisms are D latum and D nihonkaiense, but other Diphyllobothrium and similar species have also been reported as infecting agents, albeit much less frequently.
How is diphyllobothriasis treated?
Treatment of diphyllobothriasis is with a single oral dose of praziquantel 5 to 10 mg/kg. Alternatively, a single 2-g dose of niclosamide (unavailable in the US) is given as 4 tablets (500 mg each) that are chewed one at a time and swallowed. For children, the dose is 50 mg/kg (maximum 2 g) once.