What does occupied territory mean in Israel?
The Occupied Territories, which include the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, are subject to the jurisdiction of Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA), with the division of responsibilities overlapping in much of the territory.
Why are Israeli settlements considered illegal?
The international community considers the establishment of Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories illegal on one of two bases: that they are in violation of Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, or that they are in breach of international declarations.
What is illegal occupation Israel?
What makes the Israeli occupation illegal is that it has existed for 35 years, during which time it transformed into a form of colonialism and suppressed and oppressed an entire people for decades, preventing them from the exercise of their right to self-determination and the establishment of their State, Palestine.
What does the term Occupied Territories mean?
Territory under the authority and effective control of a belligerent armed force. The term is not applicable to territory being administered pursuant to peace terms, treaty, or other agreement, express or implied, with the civil authority of the territory. See also civil affairs agreement.
Why are these territories known as the Occupied Territories?
Occupied territories are territories captured in war from an established and recognized sovereign. As the West Bank and Gaza Strip were not under the legitimate and recognized sovereignty of any state prior to the Six Day War, they should not be considered occupied territories.
Is Gaza occupied territory?
Although the United Nations still maintains that Gaza is occupied, under both the literal and interpreted applications of the definition of occupation— characterized by what is termed “effective control”—Gaza is not occupied territory pursuant to the standards set forth in international law and doctrine.
Did Israel violate international law?
The United Nations on Thursday accused Israel of flagrantly violating international law by expanding settlements in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, urging the country’s new government to halt their enlargement immediately.
Is Gaza occupied under international law?
What international law is Israel violating?
Despite Israel agreeing to a ceasefire, human rights violations against the Palestinian people continue. Human Rights Watch (HRW) has found that Israel is committing two crimes against humanity in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT): apartheid and persecution.
Why did Israel occupy territories?
Officially Israel maintains that the West Bank is disputed territory. Israel unilaterally disengaged from Gaza in 2005. The United Nations, as well as a number of human rights organizations, continue to consider Israel the occupying power in the territory due to Israel’s control of Gaza’s airspace and coastline.
Is it legal to occupy a country?
Occupation is only a temporary situation, and the rights of the occupant are limited to the extent of that period. The occupying power must respect the laws in force in the occupied territory, unless they constitute a threat to its security or an obstacle to the application of the international law of occupation.