What are the symptoms of neural tube defects?
Symptoms include physical problems (such as paralysis and urinary and bowel control problems), blindness, deafness, intellectual disability, lack of consciousness, and, in some cases, death. Some people with NTDs have no symptoms. Most children with certain types of NTDs die or experience serious disability.
What are neural tube defects associated with?
Neural tube defects can affect bones of the spine, the spinal cord or the nerve roots that extend from the spine into the body. The cause is not clear but may be related to genetics, maternal nutrition (including folic acid deficiency) during pregnancy or other factors.
What causes myelomeningocele?
What causes myelomeningocele? The exact cause is unknown, but a lack of folic acid, exposure to viruses, exposure to radiation, and/or genetics are suspected. How is it diagnosed? It is diagnosed with prenatal blood work, amniocentesis, physical exam, and ultrasound.
Can a baby survive neural tube defects?
Babies with this type of neural tube defect usually die. Babies who survive may have physical and mental handicaps. Used by permission from Genetic Center at Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Akron. What are the chances of having a baby with a neural tube defect?
What is the cure for myelomeningocele?
Myelomeningocele requires surgery to close the opening in the baby’s back within 72 hours of birth. Performing the surgery early can help minimize the risk of infection associated with the exposed nerves. It may also help protect the spinal cord from more trauma.
Is myelomeningocele curable?
Open neural tube defects such as myelomeningocele and myeloschisis are treatable by fetal repair.
Can stress cause neural tube defects?
Background: Studies suggest that maternal psychologic stress can increase the risk of congenital malformations, including neural tube defects (NTDs).
Can a baby with myelomeningocele walk?
Whether a child can walk typically depends on where the defect is, its size, and the care received before and after birth. Orthopedic complications. Children with myelomeningocele can have a variety of problems in the legs and spine because of weak muscles in the legs and back.