What is khassida?
They were originally founded by the shaykh, his descendants, or disciples to teach the Quran and the khassida (or xassida, poems honoring the Prophet Muhammmad) as well as cultivating the land. Hence they have grown to be associations of Mourides, generally based on shared allegiance to a particular marabout.
Why is Amadou Bamba a significant historical figure?
A charismatic personality, Bamba aided in the mass conversion of the Wolof peoples from tribal paganism to Islam at the end of the 19th century, becoming the founder and marabout of the Mouride sect of Islam.
What did Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba do?
Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba founded the Mouride brotherhood in 1883, with its capital in Touba, Senegal. Today, Touba serves as the location of the sub-Saharan Africa’s largest mosque, which was built by the Mourides.
When was Mouride brotherhood founded?
The Mouride Sufi Brotherhood is a sect of Islam that boasts over four million followers today, mostly concentrated in Senegal and Gambia. The Mouride Sufi Order was founded by Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba in 1883 in the Senegambia region of West Africa.
How Islam spread to Senegal?
The Wolof ethnic group started practicing Islam in the first half of the 11th century (Babou 21). In 1040, Islam spread to Senegal from the conversion of Waar Jaabi, the ruler of an ancient West African empire, Tekrur. Early Islamic practices in Senegal were limited to aristocrats and the ruling class.
What is Touba in Islam?
Touba, a four-hour drive east of the Senegalese capital Dakar, is the spiritual home of the Mouride Brotherhood, a branch of Islam which holds the sanctity of work as one of its core beliefs.
When did Senegal convert to Islam?
Islam has had a presence in Senegal since the 11th century. Sufi brotherhoods expanded with French colonization, as people turned to religious authority rather than the colonial administration.