What does Gosplan stand for?
Gosplan, abbreviation of Gosudarstvennyy Planovyy Komitet, English State Planning Committee, central board that supervised various aspects of the planned economy of the Soviet Union by translating into specific national plans the general economic objectives outlined by the Communist Party and the government.
What does Soviet literally mean?
sovyét, Russian pronunciation: [sɐˈvʲet], literally “council” in English) were political organizations and governmental bodies of the late Russian Empire, primarily associated with the Russian Revolution, which gave the name to the latter state of the Soviet Union.
What does Comrade mean Russian?
In the late 19th century Russian Marxists and other leftist revolutionaries adopted as a translation of the word Kamerad the Russian word for tovarisch (Russian: товарищ) (from Old Turkic tavar ishchi; abbreviated tov.), whose original meaning was “business companion” or “travel (or other adventure) mate”, deriving …
Who set up Gosplan?
Gosplan SSSR (Gosudarstvenny planovy komitet SSSR —the State Planning Committee of the USSR), the core state committee of the Soviet economic bureaucracy, was created in 1921. During the first Five-Year Plan (1928–1932) Valerian Kuybyshev headed Gosplan.
Why did the Gosplan fail?
Gosplan set targets which factories had to meet; failure was akin to being a traitor to the nationalist project of accelerated industrialisation. Workers had to work very hard to meet targets. Managers and workers who failed to meet targets could be arrested and executed.
Is United Russia left or right?
^ a: United Russia does not have a coherent ideology but has been described by various sources as centrist, centre-right, or right-wing. While United Russia is not considered a far-right party, there is controversy over its support for far-right parties in Western Europe.