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What is a thulium laser?

What is a thulium laser?

Thulium laser transurethral vaporesection of the prostate (ThuVARP) is a laser procedure that vapourises and resects the prostate using a technique similar to TURP.

What is RevoLix?

RevoLix is the only laser specifically developed for soft tissue surgery. The RevoLix laser wavelength is 2 micron. This wavelength is similar to Holmium but the emission is continuous instead of pulsed. RevoLix unifies the advantages of formerly existing surgical laser principles in a single unit:

How rare is thulium?

Thulium is one of the rarest of the rare-earth elements. Its abundance in Earth’s crust is nearly the same as those of antimony and iodine….thulium.

atomic number 69
atomic weight 168.93421
melting point 1,545 °C (2,813 °F)
boiling point 1,950 °C (3,542 °F)
specific gravity 9.321 (at 24 °C, or 75 °F)

What is thulium used for?

Thulium has been used to create lasers. When stable thulium (Tm-169) is bombarded in a nuclear reactor it can later serve as a radiation source in portable X-ray devices. It also has potential use in ceramic magnetic materials called ferrites, which are used in microwave equipment.

What thulium looks like?

Thulium is a lanthanide element, it has a bright silvery-gray luster and can be cut by a knife. It is the least abundant of the rare earths and its metal is easy to work. It slowly tarnishes in air, but is more resistant to oxidation than most rare-earth elements.

Is thulium natural or synthetic?

The element is never found in nature in pure form, but it is found in small quantities in minerals with other rare earths. Thulium is often found with minerals containing yttrium and gadolinium. In particular, thulium occurs in the mineral gadolinite.

Is thulium rare or common?

Thulium is one of the rarest of the rare earth metals. This silver-gray metals share many common properties with other lanthanides but also displays some unique characteristics.

Is thulium radioactive?

Bombarded by neutrons, natural thulium becomes radioactive thulium-170 (128.6-day half-life), which ejects soft gamma radiation with wavelength commensurate with laboratory hard X-ray sources. Only one allotropic (structural) form is known for thulium.

What are 3 uses for thulium?

Uses of Thulium Thulium is used as a source of radiation from portable X-ray devices and in nuclear reactions. Despite being slightly expensive, superconductors of high temperature use thulium. It is used for manufacturing ferrites, ceramic magnetic materials for microwave items.

How much does thulium cost?

$50/g.
Thulium metal costs $50/g. Thulium can be isolated by reduction of the oxide with lanthanum metal or by calcium reduction of a closed container. The element is silver-gray, soft, malleable, and ductile, and can be cut with a knife.

Is thulium hazardous?

Health effects of thulium Soluble thulium salts are regarded as slightly toxic in taken in large amounts, but the soluble salts are completely not toxic.

What is thulium most commonly used for?

Uses of Thulium

  • It is used for laser manufacturing and for surgical purposes.
  • Thulium is used as a source of radiation from portable X-ray devices and in nuclear reactions.
  • Despite being slightly expensive, superconductors of high temperature use thulium.