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What instruments are used for a Pap smear?

What instruments are used for a Pap smear?

For the Pap smear, your provider will use a plastic or metal instrument called a speculum to open the vagina, so the cervix can be seen. Your provider will then use a soft brush or plastic spatula to collect cells from the cervix.

What is spatula for Pap smear?

The Ayre spatula is a device used to collect Pap smear. It is a wooden spatula with U shaped openings on one side and a flat surface on another. The broad end is for vaginal sample collection and the narrow end is for cervical sample collection.

How is a Pap smear procedure done?

Pap test. A speculum is inserted into the vagina to widen it. Then, a brush is inserted into the vagina to collect cells from the cervix. The cells are checked under a microscope for signs of disease.

What is a Pap smear ACOG?

Cervical cancer screening is used to find changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer. Screening includes cervical cytology (also called the Pap test or Pap smear), testing for human papillomavirus (HPV), or both. Most women should have cervical cancer screening on a regular basis.

How do you perform a spatula for a Pap smear?

Obtain an adequate sampling from the ectocervix using a plastic spatula by placing the rounded tip of the spatula into the cervix until the curved edge of the spatula rests against the ectocervix. Rotate the spatula 360 degrees.

What is the gynecologist tool called?

The two-bladed, or bivalve, speculum is the most common type of instrument gynecologists use to examine the vagina and cervix. The doctor inserts the speculum into the vagina and opens up the blades, which exposes the inside of the vagina and cervix.

What equipment is necessary for a Pap and pelvic exam?

Pap test. In a Pap test, your doctor uses a vaginal speculum to hold your vaginal walls apart and to see the cervix. Next, a sample of cells from your cervix is collected using a small cone-shaped brush and a tiny plastic spatula (1 and 2).

What tool is used for a pelvic exam?

Using a speculum is one part of a pelvic exam — it’s an instrument that gently opens your vagina so the doctor can see inside. Speculums also help the nurse or doctor reach your cervix so they can do Pap tests and tests for other infections (like STDs).

Which fixative is used in Pap stain?

Conventional pap staining procedure It takes 20-30 minutes. Fixation is made with 95% ethanol / ether and ethanol. The steps are shown in Figure 1 . Harris hematoxylin without acetic acid is used Catherine M Keebler, 2008.

How do you use cytobrush and spatula?

First use a spatula for the exocervical specimen. Then use a cytobrush or the elongated end of the spatula for the endocervical sample. Rotate cytobrush 180° only. Place both specimens side-by-side lengthwise on a single slide and fix immediately.

What type of spatula is recommended in collecting specimens for Pap smear?

extended-tip spatula
Evidence-Based Answer. The combination of an extended-tip spatula with an endocervical brush (Cytobrush) is the most effective method for obtaining cervical cells. Detection of endocervical cells is a good indication of adequate smears and detection of disease.

How do you use a cervical brush?

Insert the brush into the cervix until only the bottom- most fibers are exposed. Slowly rotate 1/4 or 1/2 turn in one direction. DO NOT OVER-ROTATE. …the brush as quickly as possible in the PreservCyt Solution by rotating the device in the solution 10 times while pushing against the PreservCyt vial wall.