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What is the structure and complementary base pairing of DNA?

What is the structure and complementary base pairing of DNA?

Base pairing takes place between a purine and pyrimidine. In DNA, adenine (A) and thymine (T) are complementary base pairs, and cytosine (C) and guanine (G) are also complementary base pairs, explaining Chargaff’s rules (Figure 7).

Is the structure of DNA complementary?

Each molecule of DNA is a double helix formed from two complementary strands of nucleotides held together by hydrogen bonds between G-C and A-T base pairs. Duplication of the genetic information occurs by the use of one DNA strand as a template for formation of a complementary strand.

What is the base pair rule for DNA structure?

The rules of base pairing (or nucleotide pairing) are: A with T: the purine adenine (A) always pairs with the pyrimidine thymine (T) C with G: the pyrimidine cytosine (C) always pairs with the purine guanine (G)

What are the complementary base pairs in DNA quizlet?

Complementary base pairing: Cytosine pairs with Guanine and Thymine pairs with Adenine. Contains Nitrogen. Makes up, very reactive so protected on the inside. In DNA Two of the five bases in nucleic acids, adenine, and guanine.

Why is complementary base pairing important in DNA structure?

Complementary base pairing is important in DNA as it allows the base pairs to be arranged in the most energetically favourable way; it is essential in forming the helical structure of DNA. It is also important in replication as it allows semiconservative replication.

Which statement is true of complementary base pairing in DNA?

Chargaff’s rule, also known as the complementary base pairing rule, states that DNA base pairs are always adenine with thymine (A-T) and cytosine with guanine (C-G). A purine always pairs with a pyrimidine and vice versa.

What is the complementary base pairing rule?

What do you mean by complementary base pairing?

”’complementary base pairing. The standard arrangement of bases in nucleotides in relation to their opposite pairing, such as thymine being paired with adenine and cytosine paired with guanine.

What is A complementary strand of DNA example?

The two strands are described as complementary to one another. Complementary DNA (cDNA) is a copy of a region of a strand of DNA. For example, if the original DNA stand had a sequence of ATT, the complementary sequence will be TAA. The cDNA will bind to the complementary site on the DNA strand.

What is A complimentary base pair?

The nucleotides in a base pair are complementary which means their shape allows them to bond together with hydrogen bonds. The A-T pair forms two hydrogen bonds. The C-G pair forms three. The hydrogen bonding between complementary bases holds the two strands of DNA together.

What is the benefit of complementary base pairing in the DNA molecule quizlet?

Complementary base pairing is important because the hydrogen bonds between the bases hold the two strands of DNA together and because it serves as a way for DNA to replicate.