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Can humans get Halicephalobus gingivalis?

Can humans get Halicephalobus gingivalis?

The genus Halicephalobus consists of eight species of free-living nematodes. Only one species (H. gingivalis) has been reported to infect vertebrates. Human infection is extremely rare, and only four cases have been reported in the literature.

Where is Halicephalobus gingivalis found?

Halicephalobus gingivalis is a saprophytic nematode parasite that causes a rare form of fatal meningoencephalomyelitis in equids, humans, and ruminants. This nematode has neurotropic activity, but has also been found in the kidney, liver, lungs, optic nerves and even heart of its host.

What is the natural environment for nematodes in the genus halicephalobus?

Halicephalobus species are minute nematodes that often inhabit soil-like environments and are particularly well-known from organic-rich substrates (Andrássy, 1984; Anderson et al., 1998; Steel et al., 2012).

How do you get Halicephalobus gingivalis?

Halicephalobus gingivalis is a saprophytic nematode found in decaying humus and infection through an unknown route can involve the sinuses, central nervous system, and, to a lesser extent, the kidney in certain geographical regions (Pearce at al 2001).

Where did Halicephalobus gingivalis come from?

What does Halicephalobus gingivalis do?

Halicephalobus gingivalis (previously Micronema deletrix) is a free-living nematode known to cause opportunistic infections, mainly in horses. Human infections are very rare, but all cases described to date involved fatal meningoencephalitis.

What do free living nematodes eat?

The majority of nematode species are free living in soil and water and feed on microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, algae, other nematodes) and organic debris.

What animal lives the deepest underground?

devil worm
A “devil worm” has been discovered miles under the Earth—the deepest-living animal ever found, a new study says. The new nematode species—called Halicephalobus mephisto partly for Mephistopheles, the demon of Faustian legend—suggests there’s a rich new biosphere beneath our feet.

What is Meningoencephalopathy?

[ mə-nĭng′gō-ĕn-sĕf′ə-lŏp′ə-thē ] n. Any of various disorders affecting the meninges and the brain. encephalomeningopathy.

What parasites do slugs carry?

Infected slugs and snails also transmit rat lungworms to humans. All known cases of rat lungworm disease are linked to slug and snail contact. Slugs and snails can contaminate garden produce with rat lungworm parasites.