What is alternative grapheme?

What is alternative grapheme?

We call each sound within a spoken word a phoneme. When a phoneme is written down using a letter (or letters), it is called a grapheme. They will also learn alternative pronunciations for graphemes they have already learned as well as alternative spellings of phonemes.

What are graphemes examples?

A grapheme is a written symbol that represents a sound (phoneme). This can be a single letter, or could be a sequence of letters, such as ai, sh, igh, tch etc. So when a child says the sound /t/ this is a phoneme, but when they write the letter ‘t’ this is a grapheme.

What is alternative spelling in phonics?

Take the sound /ee/: it can be spelled in a number of ways: see, me, real, key, field, happy, Pete and ceiling. This needs to be taught in an explicit way and is now part of all Synthetic Phonic programmes. In ‘Letters and Sounds’, alternative spellings are taught in Phases 5 and 6.

What are the different types of graphemes?


  • Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound.
  • Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme.
  • GPC – This is short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence.
  • Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).
  • Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

How do you teach Jolly Phonics alternatives?

Alternative Jolly Phonics Sounds

  1. First Grade School Box. Phonics Reading.
  2. When Two Vowels Go Walking Activities. Phonics Reading.
  3. Card game for short a, ai & ay words. Spelling Games.
  4. Spice Up My Teaching.
  5. /ai/ Alternative spellings tutorial.
  6. Frog Spot.
  7. Jolly Phonics Alternative Spelling & Alphabet Poster (In Print Letters)

What are alternatives in Jolly Phonics?

The Jolly Phonics Alternative Spelling & Alphabet Posters is a pack of two colourful single posters. The Alternative Spelling Poster shows the different spellings of nine of the vowels with sample words and illustrations. For ai, for example, it also shows ay as in day, and a-e as in snake.

What are the 44 graphemes?

big, rubber.

  • dog, add, filled.
  • fish, phone.
  • go, egg.
  • jet, cage, barge, judge.
  • cat, kitten, duck, school, occur,
  • antique, cheque.
  • leg, bell.
  • How do you identify graphemes?

    A Grapheme is a symbol used to identify a phoneme; it’s a letter or group of letters representing the sound. You use the letter names to identify Graphemes, like the “c” in car where the hard “c” sound is represented by the letter “c.” A two-letter Grapheme is in “team” where the “ea” makes a long “ee” sound.

    How many alternative sounds are there?

    One of the challenges of learning to read and write English is the mastery of alternative spellings. Some of the 44 sounds of English have as many as 12 different ways to spell them! This blog will provide a variety of ways in which you can help learners to achieve mastery of alternative spellings.