What is the prognosis for someone diagnosed with leukemia?
Survival rates are pretty even across all ages, and the relative survival rate for all ages is 69.9% . This form of leukemia mostly affects adults over the age of 55. The relative 5-year survival rate for people of all ages with this form of leukemia is 87.2% .
What are diagnosis of leukemia?
Blood tests. By looking at a sample of your blood, your doctor can determine if you have abnormal levels of red or white blood cells or platelets — which may suggest leukemia. A blood test may also show the presence of leukemia cells, though not all types of leukemia cause the leukemia cells to circulate in the blood.
What happens when you are diagnosed with leukemia?
Leukemia usually involves the white blood cells. Your white blood cells are potent infection fighters — they normally grow and divide in an orderly way, as your body needs them. But in people with leukemia, the bone marrow produces an excessive amount of abnormal white blood cells, which don’t function properly.
How fast does leukemia progress?
Chronic leukemia usually gets worse slowly, over months to years, while acute leukemia develops quickly and progresses over days to weeks. The two main types of leukemia can be further organized into groups that are based on the type of white blood cell that is affected — lymphoid or myeloid.
What triggers leukemia in adults?
Risk factors that can cause leukemia
- A genetic predisposition.
- Down syndrome.
- Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Exposure to petrochemicals, such as benzene.
- Extensive exposure to artificial ionizing radiation.
- Alkylating chemotherapy agents administered to treat other types of cancer.
Which form of leukemia is more serious?
Chronic leukemia inhibits the development of blood stem cells, ultimately causing them to function less effectively than healthy mature blood cells. As compared to acute leukemia, chronic leukemia tends to be less severe and progresses more slowly.