What is in the disk of the Milky Way?

What is in the disk of the Milky Way?

The Disk. The disk of our galaxy is very thin, about 100 times wider than its own height. It contains almost all the gas and dust in our galaxy, as well as all the hot young stars and regions of star formation. Seen from above, the disk shows spiral arms containing most of the cool, dense portions of the ISM.

What is the thickness of the disc of the Milky Way?

The Milky Way is a huge disk, roughly 100,000 to 120,000 light years across. Its thickness is 1,000 light years throughout most of the disk, but there is a spheroidal bulge at the center of the galaxy that is 12,000 light years in diameter.

Is the sun in the thin disk of the Milky Way?

It manifests itself as the band of faint light that we see encircling the whole sky. Except for the bulge in the direction of the center of our Galaxy, the stars that make up the Milky Way as we see it are part of the thin disk, just as our Sun is part of that same population of stars.

Why is Milky Way a disc?

Gas clouds produce stars, and so most stars will also be in the plane of the disc. Very old clusters of stars in globular clusters however can be found in a spherical pattern around the disc. So galaxies form disc shapes because the gas that makes stars falls into a disc shape.

Is the Milky Way disc shaped?

This implies the Milky Way is disc-shaped with a central bulge, just as we see in other spiral galaxies. Second, measurements of the velocities of stars and clouds of gas reveal that their motion is not random but follows a rotational pattern – just like those we see in other spiral galaxies.

Are black holes rare or common?

As observations of distant galaxies accumulate, it has become clear extragalactic black holes are common in the universe. It may be that black holes formed within all medium- and large-sized galaxies (probably not in the dwarf galaxies, where there’s not sufficient mass) early in the universe.

What are the 3 galactic neighbors of the Milky Way?

Supermassive black holes are relatively rare in the Local Group, however: Out of the roughly 85 galaxies, only three — the Milky Way, Andromeda, and a dwarf elliptical satellite of Andromeda known as M32 — show evidence for such a monster.

What is the bulge in a galaxy?

The term ‘bulge’ is used to describe the dense spheroidal swarm of stars often found in the centres of spiral and S0 galaxies.

Is the Milky Way a black hole?

The supermassive black hole at the center of our Milky Way galaxy is leaking. The Milky Way’s central black hole, known as Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*), has been “leaking” or emitting jet-like superheated beams for several thousand years.

Is the Milky Way a dwarf galaxy?

Local dwarf galaxies There are many dwarf galaxies in the Local Group; these small galaxies frequently orbit larger galaxies, such as the Milky Way, the Andromeda Galaxy and the Triangulum Galaxy.