What is the history of drugs in sport?

What is the history of drugs in sport?

The earliest records of doping in sport come from the Ancient Olympics games when athletes are reported to have taken figs to improve their performance. With the advent of modern pharmacology in the 19th century, many athletes began to experiment with cocktails of drugs to improve strength and overcome fatigue.

What drugs have been used in sports?

Take the time to learn about the potential benefits, the health risks and the many unknowns regarding so-called performance-enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids, androstenedione, human growth hormone, erythropoietin, diuretics, creatine and stimulants.

When were steroids first used in sports?

Professional athletes began misusing anabolic steroids during the 1954 Olympics, when Russian weightlifters were given testosterone.

Why are drugs used in sports?

They work to speed up parts of the brain and body, increasing the heart rate, blood pressure, metabolism and body temperature of the user. They are used by athletes to reduce tiredness and fatigue, and to increase alertness, competitiveness and aggressiveness.

When did athletes start using drugs?

Drug use for performance enhancement has been a part of Olympic sport for over 100 years. Early cases of documented drug use were admitted to without consequences by athletes and coaches. The first documented doping case occurred at the 1904 summer Olympics in st. Louis.

Who was the first Olympic athlete to be disqualified for drugs?

pentathlete Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall
The Mexico City Olympics held in 1968 were the first to introduce drug testing for medallists, with urine taken and analyzed for narcotics and stimulants. Consequently, these Games saw the first ever drugs disqualification, with the Swedish pentathlete Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall testing positive for excessive alcohol.

Should drugs be used in sports?

Using drugs to improve performance in sport may lead to an athlete being banned and may also harm their health. Sporting authorities have banned many drugs and other substances, not just because they might give an athlete an unfair advantage but also because of the wider health risks.