What is cooperative learning According to Slavin?
Cooperative learning methods (Slavin 1990b) involve students working in small learning groups to master academic material. Forms of cooperative learning that have consistently increased student achievement have provided rewards to heterogeneous groups based on the learning of their members.
What is cooperative learning According to Johnson and Johnson?
Formal cooperative learning consists of students working together, for one class period to several weeks, to achieve shared learning goals and complete jointly specific tasks and assignments (Johnson, Johnson, & Holubec, 2008).
Who is the father of cooperative learning?
Prior to World War II, social theorists such as Allport, Watson, Shaw, and Mead began establishing cooperative learning theory after finding that group work was more effective and efficient in quantity, quality, and overall productivity when compared to working alone.
What is cooperative learning approach PDF?
Cooperative learning is the learning process in which individuals learn in a small group with the help of each other. Cooperative learning gives importance to cooperation as against our present educational system, which is based on competition.
What is a good teacher according to Slavin?
An “intentional teacher,” according to Slavin, is one who constantly reflects on his or her practice and makes instructional decisions based on a clear conception of how these practices affect students.
Why is cooperative learning useful?
Cooperative learning methods help you get along with your teammates. When you learn something together, you’ll likely spend more time with each other, understand different perspectives and accommodate different work styles. It’s an effective strategy for team building and collaboration.
What are the three principles of cooperative learning?
The five basic elements of cooperative learning are:
- Positive interdependence.
- Individual and group accountability.
- Interpersonal and small group skills.
- Face-to-face promotive interaction.
- Group processing.
Who is the founder of cooperative learning theory?
David Johnson and Roger Johnson developed the Learning Together models of cooperative learning . The model is characterized by the 5 elements of cooperative learning: Positive Interdependence. Individual and group accountability.
Why cooperative learning is important in 21st century?
Cooperative learning groups provide an arena in which students develop the interpersonal and small-group skills needed to work effectively with diverse schoolmates. These interpersonal skills enable students to engage in discussions in which they share and solve personal problems.
What are the major approaches of cooperative learning?
From the literature, six elements are iden- tified that are considered essential to the success of cooperative learning: positive interdependence, face-to-face verbal interaction, individual accountability, social skills, group processing, and appropriate grouping.