What is the XYY chromosome theory?
XYY syndrome is a genetic condition that occurs when a male has an extra copy of the Y chromosome in each of their cells (XYY). Sometimes, this mutation is only present in some cells. Males with XYY syndrome have 47 chromosomes because of the extra Y chromosome.
What are the effects of XYY syndrome?
47,XYY syndrome is associated with an increased risk of learning disabilities and delayed development of speech and language skills. Affected children can have delayed development of motor skills (such as sitting and walking) or weak muscle tone (hypotonia).
Can you tell severity of clubfoot with ultrasound?
A suspected diagnosis of clubfoot can be determined via prenatal ultrasound as early as 13 weeks, but it is typically discovered during an ultrasound around 20 weeks gestation. The severity of the clubfoot often cannot be determined until after delivery.
Can clubfoot be misdiagnosed?
However, in earlier series, between 5% and 29% of cases of complex club foot were misdiagnosed as isolated club foot, whereas in our study, no case of complex club foot was missed, and all ultrasonographic inaccuracies were overdiagnoses.
Is XYY syndrome a disability?
If you or your dependent(s) are diagnosed with 47,Xyy Syndrome and experience any of these symptoms, you may be eligible for disability benefits from the U.S. Social Security Administration.
Is clubfoot a high risk pregnancy?
Isolated clubfeet will not affect your pregnancy. However, if your child has another birth defect that accompanies clubfeet, you may need more frequent monitoring to evaluate your child’s well-being during the pregnancy.
What is false clubfoot?
These false positives are typically due to the ability of a healthy fetus to move its normal foot inward to the body. Other associated abnormalities are seen in approximately 10 percent of live born babies with clubfoot; in these cases, it often is part of a syndrome.
Is club foot a contracture?
Clubfoot consists of bone deformity and soft tissue contracture. It has several tissue abnormalities, including muscle and cartilage anomalies, bone primary germ plasm defects, and vascular abnormalities such as hypoplasia/absence of the anterior tibial artery.