What are the 4 patient positions?

What are the 4 patient positions?


  • Fowler’s Position.
  • High Fowler’s Position.
  • Supine Position.
  • Jackknife Position.
  • Kidney Position.
  • Prone Position.
  • Lithotomy Position.
  • Sim’s Position.

What principles should be included when positioning patients?

Think of the patient in bed as though he were standing. Maintain the patient’s safety. Reassure the patient to promote comfort and cooperation. Properly handle the patient’s body to prevent pain or injury.

What are the basic surgical positions?

The five basic positions used for surgery are supine, lithotomy, sitting, prone, and lateral. Improper technique can lead to injury in any of these positions.

What are the basic principles of surgical nursing?

The key principles of surgical nursing

  • Assessment, planning, implementing and evaluating care using a nursing model or framework.
  • Managing fluid and electrolyte balance.
  • Managing nutrition.
  • Managing pain.
  • Managing infection control.
  • Managing wounds and wound care.
  • Managing stress and anxiety.

What is semi recumbent?

Semi-recumbent position is the elevation of the head-of-bed to 30-45ยบ and it is recommended for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) with almost no absolute contraindications (1).

What principles should the nurse consider assisting the patient to the bedside chair?

Assist patient by standing in front of the patient, grasping each side of the gait belt, keeping back straight and knees bent. The patient should be cooperative and predictable, able to bear weight on own legs and to have good trunk control.

What is positioning the surgical patient?

The goals of positioning are to facilitate surgical access and to reduce the risk of injury to the anaesthetized patient. Optimal positioning represents a considerable challenge, and to achieve these goals it is imperative that the anaesthetist, surgeon and theatre personnel work together as a well-coordinated team.

What is surgery and surgical nursing?

A surgical nurse, also referred to as a theatre nurse or scrub nurse, specializes in perioperative care, providing care to patients before, during and after surgery. To become a theatre nurse, Registered Nurses or Enrolled Nurses must complete extra training.

What do nurses do on a surgical ward?

You will be expected to offer the patient support upon arrival in the post-anaesthetic care unit, and monitor their health and care all the way through until they are back on a general ward. You will also be responsible for assessing whether the patient should be discharged back onto a ward.

Who is responsible for patient positioning during surgery?

Positioning the patient for a surgical procedure is a shared responsibility among the surgeon, the anesthesiologist, and the nurses in the operating room. The optimal position may require a compromise between the best position for surgical access and the position the patient can tolerate.

Why is a drape used when positioning patients?

Draping lets your patient know you are concerned for their privacy and modesty. It sends a message that you are working clinically when providing hands-on care. Draping prevents inadvertent soiling during bedside activities.