What causes seminal vesicle cysts?
The main etiologies of seminal vesicle cysts are pooling of urine from an ectopic ureter or obstruction of the ejaculatory duct caused by scarring or atresia that results in retention of seminal fluid , , .
What are seminal vesicle cysts?
Seminal vesicle cysts are rare entities that are often overlooked or missed. While the majority of seminal vesicle cysts are asymptomatic and discovered incidentally, larger cysts can result in dysuria, urinary retention, perineal discomfort, or hematospermia. The diagnosis of this condition remains a challenge.
How are seminal vesicle cysts treated?
The treatment of choice for symptomatic seminal vesicle cysts is surgical resection. Other methods, such as transrectal or transurethral puncture, aspiration, or transurethral resection of the seminal colliculus and vas deferens, carry the risk of recurrent cysts.
What causes enlarged seminal vesicles?
They can be present from birth (congenital) or acquired. Acquired seminal vesicle cysts can arise from things like scarring from infection or a prior prostate surgery. Depending on the size of the cyst, a laparoscopic surgical procedure can be performed to remove it.
Can seminal vesicles be removed?
A radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the prostate gland and attached seminal vesicles. Lymph nodes near the prostate can be removed at the same time.
Can seminal vesicles cause pain?
Seminal vesicle cysts may cause pelvic pain because of mass effect, infection, internal hemorrhage, or urinary and bladder obstruction.
What is the role of secretion of seminal vesicles?
Seminal vesicular secretion is important for semen coagulation, sperm motility, and stability of sperm chromatin and suppression of the immune activity in the female reproductive tract.
What is ejaculatory duct obstruction?
Ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO) is the blockage of one or both ejaculatory ducts, which are the tubules that sperm travels through. An obstruction of the ejaculatory duct can lead to low sperm production, low sperm count, infertility, and post-ejaculatory pain.
What happens when seminal vesicles are removed?
This is because the prostate gland and 2 glands called the seminal vesicles are removed. The seminal vesicles make the liquid part of the sperm. Your testicles will still make sperm cells but they will be reabsorbed back into your body. You are still able to have an orgasm, but it will be a dry orgasm.
Is prostate surgery a major surgery?
Prostate removal is major surgery, so expect some soreness and pain. You’ll receive IV pain medications at first, and your doctor may prescribe you pain medication to use at home. You will also have a urinary catheter in place for about the first week, which you might find uncomfortable.
What happens to sperm in the seminal vesicle?
The vesicles have both glandular tissue and muscular tissue. The muscular tissue contracts to move seminal fluid and sperm into the urethra and out through the penis.