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What is the most common burn related injury in children?

What is the most common burn related injury in children?

Toddlers and children are more often burned by a scalding or flames. Most children ages 4 and under who are hospitalized for burn-related injuries suffer from scald burn (65%) or contact burns (20%). Hot tap water burns cause more deaths and hospitalizations than burns from any other hot liquids.

What kind of burns can electric shock cause?

A person who has suffered an electric shock may have very little external evidence of injury or may have obvious severe burns. The person could even be in cardiac arrest. Burns are usually most severe at the points of contact with the electrical source and the ground.

What are the 4 main types of electrical burns?

There are four main types of electrical injuries: flash, flame, lightning, and true. Flash injuries, caused by an arc flash, are typically associated with superficial burns, as no electrical current travels past the skin.

What happens to the human body when electrocuted?

A shock can affect the nervous system When nerves are affected by an electric shock, the consequences include pain, tingling, numbness, weakness or difficulty moving a limb. These effects may clear up with time or be permanent. Electric injury can also affect the central nervous system.

Why are burns more serious in children?

Children younger than two years have thinner layers of skin and insulating subcutaneous tissue than older children and adults. As a result, they lose more heat and water than adults do, and they lose these more rapidly than adults.

How do you treat pediatric burns?

My child has a minor burn. How should I treat it?

  1. Cool the burn. Run cool running water over the burn for about five minutes.
  2. Cover the burn. Cover the burned area with a clean bandage that will not stick to the burned site.
  3. Protect the burn. Keep the burn site clean with gentle washing with soap and water.

What should you do if a child gets an electric shock?

If Your Child Is Electrocuted . . .

  1. Turn off the power source. Pull the plug, or switch off the electricity at the fuse box or circuit breaker.
  2. Have someone call 911 (or your local emergency number).
  3. Check your child’s breathing and pulse.
  4. Check for burns once your child resumes breathing.

What to do if a child gets an electric shock?

Electrocution:

  1. Break contact with electrical source.
  2. Do not touch them.
  3. Turn off the source or move the source away.
  4. Once contact is broken, perform primary survey.
  5. Call 999.

How do you treat a minor electrical burn?

Treatments for a mild skin burn can include: Cooling the burn – You can put a cool cloth on your burn or soak it in cool water. Do not put ice on a burn. Covering the burn with a clean bandage – Your doctor might also recommend or prescribe a cream or ointment to soothe the skin or prevent an infection.

What are the most common injuries due to electrical hazards?

Electrical burns are the most common shock-related, nonfatal injury. They occur when a worker contacts energized electrical wiring or equipment. Although electrical burns can occur anywhere on the body, they most often occur on the hands and feet.