Which antidiabetic agents are considered Hypoglycemics?
Oral Hypoglycemic Medications
- Sulfonylureas (glipizide, glyburide, gliclazide, glimepiride)
- Meglitinides (repaglinide and nateglinide)
- Biguanides (metformin)
- Thiazolidinediones (rosiglitazone, pioglitazone)
- α-Glucosidase inhibitors (acarbose, miglitol, voglibose)
Which diabetes medication is most likely to cause hypoglycemia?
Patients on sulfonylureas and meglitinides have the highest incidence of hypoglycemia because of their pharmacological action of increasing insulin secretion. Of the sulfonylureas, glyburide presents the highest risk of hypoglycemia.
What are oral hypoglycemic agent?
Oral antihyperglycemic agents lower glucose levels in the blood. They are commonly used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
How is glucagon given?
Glucagon comes as a solution (liquid) in a prefilled syringe and an auto-injector device to inject subcutaneously (just under the skin). It also comes as a powder to be mixed with a provided liquid to be injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly (into the muscle), or intravenously (into a vein).
What are hyperglycemic agents?
Definition. A drug which increases the blood glucose level.
What is the difference between insulin and oral hypoglycemics?
It is important to understand that none of the oral hypoglycemic agents are insulin. Hypoglycemic agents cannot replace insulin in conditions such as DKA. Oral hypoglycemic agents are used as a supplement to diet and exercise for controlling diabetes.
What is the difference between hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia?
Hyperglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels are too high. People develop hyperglycemia if their diabetes is not treated properly. Hypoglycemia sets in when blood sugar levels are too low. This is usually a side effect of treatment with blood-sugar-lowering medication.
What’s the difference between hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic?
Hyperglycemia indicates excess glucose in the blood. Hypoglycemia refers to abnormally low presence of glucose in the blood. Controlling blood glucose levels is the cornerstone of diabetes treatment.