What are the two ethical approaches?
From the earliest moments of recorded human consciousness, the ethical discipline has exhibited four fundamental “approaches” These four approaches are often called “ethical decision-making frameworks:” Utilitarian Ethics (outcome based), Deontological Ethics (duty based), Virtue Ethics (virtue based) and Communitarian …
How does Aristotle define Arete virtue )?
Arete (Greek: ἀρετή) is a concept in ancient Greek thought that, in its most basic sense, refers to “excellence” of any kind. The term may also mean “moral virtue”. The person of Arete is of the highest effectiveness; they use all their faculties—strength, bravery, and wit—to achieve real results.
How does Aristotle define happiness?
According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.
What are the main types of ethics?
Types of ethics
- Duty-based ethics.
- Virtue ethics.
- Situation ethics.
How can you be sure that a visual is ethical?
Review your visuals to look for potential misinterpretation or miscommunication of a company’s information based on your visual element. Choose accurate visuals in order to produce a true and ethical reflection of a product or idea. Do not downplay or ignore negative data and just portray the positive information.
How do I become more virtuous?
One becomes virtuous by living an ethical life, following a moral code which respects others, treats others with kindness and compassion, and is not engaging in corrupt, criminal or malicious actions. A virtuous person will have high principles of conduct, language and communication.
What are the 5 steps in the practical ethical decision making model?
- 1 – GATHER THE FACTS. □ Don’t jump to conclusions without the facts.
- 2 – DEFINE THE ETHICAL ISSUE(S)
- 3 – IDENTIFY THE AFFECTED PARTIES.
- 4 – IDENTIFY THE CONSEQUENCES.
- 5 – IDENTIFY THE RELEVANT PRINCIPLES,
- 6 – CONSIDER YOUR CHARACTER &
- 7 – THINK CREATIVELY ABOUT POTENTIAL.
- 8 – CHECK YOUR GUT.
What is the virtue approach to ethics?
Virtue ethics is a philosophy developed by Aristotle and other ancient Greeks. This character-based approach to morality assumes that we acquire virtue through practice. By practicing being honest, brave, just, generous, and so on, a person develops an honorable and moral character.
What are ethical viewpoints?
An ethical perspective is the lens an individual uses to view a problem. Each person has such a perspective, whether or not they realize it. There are a variety of theories you can use when figuring out an ethical decision.
Why do we need to develop virtues?
Virtues are important because they are the basic qualities necessary for our well being and happiness. By recognizing the importance of virtues, in our lives, it will lead to better communication, understanding and acceptance between us and our fellow man.
What does virtue ethics focus on?
Virtue ethics not only deals with the rightness or wrongness of individual actions, it provides guidance as to the sort of characteristics and behaviours a good person will seek to achieve. In that way, virtue ethics is concerned with the whole of a person’s life, rather than particular episodes or actions.
What were Aristotle’s virtues?
For example, regarding what are the most important virtues, Aristotle proposed the following nine: wisdom; prudence; justice; fortitude; courage; liberality; magnificence; magnanimity; temperance.