What year did the first state secede from the union?
How did the expansion of slavery cause the Civil War?
A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the moral issue of slavery. In fact, it was the economics of slavery and political control of that system that was central to the conflict.
What changes did the Civil War bring about for African American?
As a result of the Union victory in the Civil War and the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution (1865), nearly four million slaves were freed. The Fourteenth Amendment (1868) granted African Americans citizenship, and the Fifteenth Amendment (1870) guaranteed their right to vote.
How were African American soldiers treated during the Civil War?
Although many served in the infantry and artillery, discriminatory practices resulted in large numbers of African-American soldiers being assigned to perform non-combat, support duties as cooks, laborers, and teamsters. African-American soldiers were paid $10 per month, from which $3 was deducted for clothing.
What risks did African American soldiers face if they were captured in the South?
Black soldiers also faced a threat that no white troops faced: when they were captured by the rebels, Black troops could be put into slavery, whether they had been free or slaves before the proclamation. They also suffered much harsher treatment if they were held as prisoners of war.
How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act impact westward expansion?
The Kansas-Nebraska Act and popular sovereignty Promoters of a transcontinental railroad also pushed for this westward expansion. The act applied the principle of popular sovereignty. Since both territories fell above the 36° 30′ line, the proposed bill would repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
What are the 5 reasons for westward expansion after the Civil War?
Suggested Teaching Instructions
- Gold rush and mining opportunities (silver in Nevada)
- The opportunity to work in the cattle industry; to be a “cowboy”
- Faster travel to the West by railroad; availability of supplies due to the railroad.
- The opportunity to own land cheaply under the Homestead Act.
How did westward expansion influence the civil war?
This expansion led to debates about the fate of slavery in the West, increasing tensions between the North and South that ultimately led to the collapse of American democracy and a brutal civil war.